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Get an overview of the electric mobility topics. What has already been achieved? Where does work still need to be done?

Users see electric mobility as an integrated offering. The NPE’s fields of activity reflect this perspective and include vehicle technologies, energy and the environment, urban planning, norms and standards, information and communication technologies and education and training. The interfaces between the topics are wide-ranging, with highly qualified experts developing innovative vehicle technologies, and information and communication technologies being used to produce customer-friendly payment models for charging. Through research and development, science and industry are creating the basis for an attractive offering. Ultimately, it’s the satisfaction of and acceptance by users that counts, and that’s why the NPE is promoting these topics.

Environment

Electric mobility is part of the energy revolution. Electric vehicles generate hardly any CO2, particularly in combination with electricity produced from renewable sources. The electricity required will therefore only be obtained from additional renewable energy sources. The increase of these since 2010 more than meets the energy requirements of the electric vehicles currently used.

Electric vehicles are climate-friendlier than comparable combustion-engine vehicles. This is true even if the vehicle production and the essentially fossil-based German power mix are taken into account as well as the actual energy consumption on the street and the energy losses inevitably occuring between power plant, socket and car battery. The Federal Ministry for the Environment has published a conservative calculation of the Climate Footprint of Electric Mobility, which substantiates the advantage of electric vehicles in terms of carbon emission savings.

Climate footprint of electric vehicles (Source: Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety)

Even today, taking their entire life cycle from manufacture to disposal into account together with the current electricity mix in Germany, electric vehicles’ CO2 emissions can be anywhere between 16 and 27 percent lower than comparable internal combustion engine vehicles, depending on which fuel they use and which types of vehicle are compared.

In areas with a high traffic density, electric vehicles can significantly reduce emissions, since running them does not produce any emissions locally. Local NOX emissions are almost completely eliminated, for example. Furthermore, electric vehicles are quieter and emit fewer particulates. For instance, the brake energy recovery system reduces brake abrasion during braking, meaning that less particulate matter is released into the atmosphere.